Secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD terpenes are aromatic oils that color cannabis varieties with distinctive flavors like citrus, berry, mint, and pine.
Not unlike other strong-smelling plants and flowers, the development of terpenes in cannabis began for adaptive purposes: to repel predators and lure pollinators. There are many factors that influence a plant’s development of terpenes, including climate, weather, age and maturation, fertilizers, soil type, and even the time of day.
Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and every strain tends toward a unique terpene type and composition. These compositions play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains, Some terpenes will promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others potentially promote focus and acuity.
The effect profile of any given terpene may change in the presence of other compounds in a phenomenon known as the entourage effect.